The characteristics of the scientific text is that it is written by a researcher to present the results of his/her research or to summarize the research of others. There are several different types of scientific texts. Some of the most common are:
A scholarly article usually (but not always) contains these elements:
On the library's website, you can read more about scientific texts, what peer review is and how you distinguish between different types of journals. You find the page here.
A scholarly article is published in a scientific journal and the articles are reviewed by other researchers. The target group for scientific journals is primarily other researchers. The journals are a channel for researchers to disseminate their research and see what other colleagues are researching on. Such review is usually called peer review or referee review.
Here you see an illustration of how the peer review process works:
(image source Wiley)